Museums are usually built and established for the sake of preserving memories, objects, or as a reminder of important events that occurred in various parts of the world. You can learn history, see works of art to architecture in the museum. Museums seem to be the right location to gain knowledge as well as travel.
The existence of a museum is very important because it has the responsibility and function to preserve, foster, as well as develop the culture of society. The existence of museums in this world is a place of silent witness to activities that occurred in ancient times. Have you ever wondered why the Mona Lisa painting can be a very valuable item? What is the history of a country’s revolution? Or even how the development of a form of government, empire, and monarchy of the past centuries?
1. Fatahillah Museum (Jakarta History Museum), Indonesia
We start the list of popular museums in the world from the capital city of Indonesia, namely Jakarta. As the capital city, Jakarta has a lot of history. The Fatahillah Museum is also called the Jakarta History Museum or the Batavia Museum. Located in the Jakarta area, more precisely on Jalan Taman Fatahillah no. 1, West Jakarta. This museum has an area of approximately 1,300 square meters. Built in 1707 – 1712 and led by Governor General Van Hoorn, this building resembles the Dam Palace in Amsterdam. Right on March 30, 1974 this building was inaugurated as the Fatahillah Museum.
2. Rijksmuseum, The Netherlands
One of the most popular museums in the world is the Rijksmuseum in the Netherlands. The Rijksmuseum or which in Indonesian means the National Museum is one of the best museums in the world and has been around for 200 years. First established on 31 May 1800 in The Hague which displays 200 paintings and objects of Dutch history. Then in 1805, this museum was moved to Buitenhof. In the following 3 years, by order of the Dutch king’s brother, the museum was moved to Amsterdam. The main building was designed by Pierre Cuypers and opened to the public in 1885. It was renovated for 10 years and cost up to 480 million US dollars.
3. Musée D’Orsay, Paris, France
The Musée d’Orsay is one of the most popular museums in the world, located in Paris, France, at the bottom of the Seine river. This building actually used to be a train station, built in 1900 by Victor Laloux, and served as the terminal station on the Paris-Orléans route. When you go inside, you can feel like you’re getting into a train car in ancient times.
The station was closed in 1939, and designated as a historical monument and cultural heritage in 1978, then reopened as a museum in December 1986. In the main hall there is a large clock which is still functioning.
4. Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre), France
The list of world’s popular museums certainly cannot be separated from this one museum, namely the Musée du Louvre. France is indeed famous for its works of art, so that some designers or artists see France as their source of inspiration. Of course for you film lovers who have watched the Da Vinci Code film, this museum is the most important setting where Langdon solves the biggest puzzles of the 20th century.
This world famous museum was first built by King Philip II at the end of the 12th century. Meanwhile, according to history, the first to live there was King Francis I in 1546.